Thomas Espig #30 LHP Yale

app 13
gs 7
w 1
l 1
sv 0
ip 26.0
era 5.54
k 19
Recent Games
May 27 at Holy Cross W, 8-2
May 27 at Holy Cross W, 13-6
Jun 2 vs. Nebraska W, 5-1
Jun 3 vs. Oregon State L, 11-0
Jun 4 vs. Holy Cross W, 9-5
Jun 4 at Oregon State L, 8-1
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 13 2
Plate appearances 0 0
At Bats 0 0
Runs 0 0
Hits 0 0
Doubles - -
Triples - -
Home Runs - -
Runs Batted In 0 0
Total bases 0 0
Walks - -
Hit by pitch - -
Strikeouts - -
Sacrifice Flies - -
Sacrifice Hits - -
Hit into double play - -
Stolen Bases - -
Caught Stealing - -
Batting Average - -
On Base Percentage - -
Slugging Percentage - -
Appearances 13 2
Games started 7 0
Wins 1 1
Losses 1 0
Saves 0 0
Complete Games - -
Shutouts - -
Innings Pitched 26.0 2.2
Hits 33 3
Runs 25 1
Earned Runs 16 -
Walks 18 3
Strikeouts 19 2
Strikeouts per Game 6.58 6.75
Doubles Allowed 5 1
Triples Allowed 1 -
Home Runs Allows 2 -
At Bats Against 109 12
Batting Average Against .303 .250
Earned Run Average 5.54 0.00
Wild pitches 8 1
Hit Batters 1 -
Balks - -
Sacrifice Flies Allowed 1 -
Sacrifice Hits Allowed 2 -
Total Chances 4 0
Put Outs 0 0
Assists 4 0
Errors 0 0
Fielding Percentage 1.000 -
Double Plays - -
Stolen Bases Allowed 6 -
Runners Caught Stealing 1 -
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage .143 -
Passed Balls - -
Catcher's Interference - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Mar 3 at New Mexico St. W, 3-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 at New Mexico St. L, 16-5 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 4 at New Mexico St. L, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 5 at New Mexico St. L, 18-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 8 at Stony Brook W, 13-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 11 vs. Saint Joseph's W, 13-9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 11 at William & Mary L, 10-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 at William & Mary L, 7-6 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 14 at Clemson L, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 at Clemson L, 10-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 17 at Wofford L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Wofford L, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Wofford W, 18-15 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 19 at Wofford W, 17-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 21 Connecticut   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 22 Quinnipiac   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 vs. Holy Cross W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 vs. Holy Cross W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 vs. Holy Cross W, 7-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 vs. Holy Cross L, 8-7 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 28 at Sacred Heart   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 at Hartford W, 13-11 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 2 at Cornell W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 2 at Cornell L, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 3 at Princeton W, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 3 at Princeton W, 3-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 at Fairfield L, 5-1 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 9 Penn W, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 Penn W, 5-4 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 10 Columbia W, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 10 Columbia W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 Sacred Heart L, 9-6 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 15 at Harvard W, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 15 at Harvard W, 21-13 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 at Harvard W, 13-9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 at Harvard L, 12-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 19 Iona W, 9-5 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 22 Dartmouth   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 22 Dartmouth   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Dartmouth W, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Dartmouth W, 11-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 24 Dartmouth L, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 24 Dartmouth W, 6-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Fordham W, 8-4 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 29 Brown L, 12-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 Brown W, 10-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 30 at Brown W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 30 at Brown W, 5-4 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
May 10 UMass Lowell W, 4-3 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
May 16 Penn W, 5-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 16 vs. Penn W, 11-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 27 at Holy Cross W, 8-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 27 at Holy Cross W, 13-6 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Jun 2 vs. Nebraska W, 5-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 3 vs. Oregon State L, 11-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 4 vs. Holy Cross W, 9-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 4 at Oregon State L, 8-1 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Date Opponent Score hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Mar 3 at New Mexico St. W, 3-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 at New Mexico St. L, 16-5 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 4 at New Mexico St. L, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 5 at New Mexico St. L, 18-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 8 at Stony Brook W, 13-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 11 vs. Saint Joseph's W, 13-9 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 11 at William & Mary L, 10-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 at William & Mary L, 7-6 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 14 at Clemson L, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 at Clemson L, 10-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 17 at Wofford L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Wofford L, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Wofford W, 18-15 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 19 at Wofford W, 17-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 21 Connecticut   - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 22 Quinnipiac   - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 vs. Holy Cross W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 vs. Holy Cross W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 vs. Holy Cross W, 7-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 vs. Holy Cross L, 8-7 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 28 at Sacred Heart   - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 at Hartford W, 13-11 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 2 at Cornell W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 2 at Cornell L, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 3 at Princeton W, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 3 at Princeton W, 3-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 at Fairfield L, 5-1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 9 Penn W, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 Penn W, 5-4 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 10 Columbia W, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 10 Columbia W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 Sacred Heart L, 9-6 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 15 at Harvard W, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 15 at Harvard W, 21-13 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 at Harvard W, 13-9 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 at Harvard L, 12-7 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 19 Iona W, 9-5 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 22 Dartmouth   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 22 Dartmouth   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Dartmouth W, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Dartmouth W, 11-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 24 Dartmouth L, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 24 Dartmouth W, 6-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Fordham W, 8-4 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 29 Brown L, 12-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 Brown W, 10-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 30 at Brown W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 30 at Brown W, 5-4 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
May 10 UMass Lowell W, 4-3 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
May 16 Penn W, 5-0 - - - - - - - - - -
May 16 vs. Penn W, 11-7 - - - - - - - - - -
May 27 at Holy Cross W, 8-2 - - - - - - - - - -
May 27 at Holy Cross W, 13-6 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Jun 2 vs. Nebraska W, 5-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 3 vs. Oregon State L, 11-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 4 vs. Holy Cross W, 9-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 4 at Oregon State L, 8-1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Date Opponent Score gs w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Mar 3 at New Mexico St. W, 3-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 at New Mexico St. L, 16-5 0 0 0 0 1.0 4 5 5 45.00 4 1 1
Mar 4 at New Mexico St. L, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 5 at New Mexico St. L, 18-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 8 at Stony Brook W, 13-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 11 vs. Saint Joseph's W, 13-9 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 11 at William & Mary L, 10-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 at William & Mary L, 7-6 1 0 0 0 2.2 4 4 4 13.50 2 1 -
Mar 14 at Clemson L, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 at Clemson L, 10-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 17 at Wofford L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Wofford L, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Wofford W, 18-15 1 0 0 0 0.2 4 4 1 13.50 1 0 -
Mar 19 at Wofford W, 17-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 21 Connecticut   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 22 Quinnipiac   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 vs. Holy Cross W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 vs. Holy Cross W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 vs. Holy Cross W, 7-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 vs. Holy Cross L, 8-7 0 0 0 0 1.0 3 1 1 9.00 - - -
Mar 28 at Sacred Heart   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 at Hartford W, 13-11 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 2 at Cornell W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 2 at Cornell L, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 3 at Princeton W, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 3 at Princeton W, 3-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 at Fairfield L, 5-1 0 0 0 0 2.0 - - - 0.00 2 1 -
Apr 9 Penn W, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 Penn W, 5-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 1 - -
Apr 10 Columbia W, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 10 Columbia W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 Sacred Heart L, 9-6 1 0 0 0 4.0 3 1 1 2.25 1 4 -
Apr 15 at Harvard W, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 15 at Harvard W, 21-13 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 at Harvard W, 13-9 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 at Harvard L, 12-7 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 19 Iona W, 9-5 1 0 0 0 2.0 0 0 0 0.00 0 3 -
Apr 22 Dartmouth   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 22 Dartmouth   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Dartmouth W, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Dartmouth W, 11-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 24 Dartmouth L, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 24 Dartmouth W, 6-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Fordham W, 8-4 1 0 0 0 4.1 5 2 2 4.15 1 2 -
Apr 29 Brown L, 12-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 Brown W, 10-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 30 at Brown W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 30 at Brown W, 5-4 0 1 0 0 2.2 3 1 - 0.00 2 2 -
May 10 UMass Lowell W, 4-3 1 0 0 0 2.0 2 1 1 4.50 2 2 -
May 16 Penn W, 5-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 16 vs. Penn W, 11-7 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 27 at Holy Cross W, 8-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 27 at Holy Cross W, 13-6 0 0 0 0 1.0 - - - 0.00 - 1 -
Jun 2 vs. Nebraska W, 5-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 3 vs. Oregon State L, 11-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 4 vs. Holy Cross W, 9-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 4 at Oregon State L, 8-1 1 0 1 0 2.2 5 6 1 3.38 2 2 1
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Mar 3 at New Mexico St. W, 3-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 at New Mexico St. L, 16-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 4 at New Mexico St. L, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 5 at New Mexico St. L, 18-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 8 at Stony Brook W, 13-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 11 vs. Saint Joseph's W, 13-9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 11 at William & Mary L, 10-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 at William & Mary L, 7-6 0 0 0 0 - - 1 - - - -
Mar 14 at Clemson L, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 at Clemson L, 10-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 17 at Wofford L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Wofford L, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Wofford W, 18-15 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 19 at Wofford W, 17-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 21 Connecticut   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 22 Quinnipiac   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 vs. Holy Cross W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 vs. Holy Cross W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 vs. Holy Cross W, 7-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 vs. Holy Cross L, 8-7 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 28 at Sacred Heart   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 at Hartford W, 13-11 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 2 at Cornell W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 2 at Cornell L, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 3 at Princeton W, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 3 at Princeton W, 3-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 at Fairfield L, 5-1 0 0 0 0 - - 1 - - - -
Apr 9 Penn W, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 Penn W, 5-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 10 Columbia W, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 10 Columbia W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 Sacred Heart L, 9-6 0 0 0 0 - - 2 - - - -
Apr 15 at Harvard W, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 15 at Harvard W, 21-13 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 at Harvard W, 13-9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 at Harvard L, 12-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 19 Iona W, 9-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 22 Dartmouth   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 22 Dartmouth   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Dartmouth W, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Dartmouth W, 11-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 24 Dartmouth L, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 24 Dartmouth W, 6-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Fordham W, 8-4 1 0 1 0 1.000 - 1 - - - -
Apr 29 Brown L, 12-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 Brown W, 10-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 30 at Brown W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 30 at Brown W, 5-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 10 UMass Lowell W, 4-3 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - 1 1.000 - -
May 16 Penn W, 5-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 16 vs. Penn W, 11-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 27 at Holy Cross W, 8-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 27 at Holy Cross W, 13-6 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Jun 2 vs. Nebraska W, 5-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 3 vs. Oregon State L, 11-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 4 vs. Holy Cross W, 9-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jun 4 at Oregon State L, 8-1 1 0 1 0 1.000 - 1 - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
2016-17 13 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
2017-18 9 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
2018-19 6 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
Total 28 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
2016-17 13 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
2017-18 9 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
2018-19 6 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Total 28 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
2016-17 13 7 1 1 0 - 26.0 33 25 16 18 19 6.58 2 5.54
2017-18 9 1 0 1 0 - 10.2 9 6 5 8 5 4.22 1 4.22
2018-19 6 2 0 1 0 - 7.0 19 22 22 8 3 3.86 2 28.29
Total 28 10 1 3 0 - 43.2 61 53 43 34 27 5.56 5 8.86
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
2016-17 13 4 0 4 0 1.000 - 6 1 .143 - -
2017-18 9 1 0 1 0 1.000 1 4 - - - -
2018-19 6 2 0 2 0 1.000 - 2 1 .333 - -
Total 28 7 0 7 0 1.000 1 12 2 .143 - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 13 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
Conference 2 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 4 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
Away 8 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
Neutral 1 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
 
-
Wins 7 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
Losses 6 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
 
-
March 4 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
April 6 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
May 2 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
June 1 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total 13 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Conference 2 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Exhibition - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
Home 4 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Away 8 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Neutral 1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
Wins 7 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Losses 6 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
March 4 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
April 6 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
May 2 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
June 1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
Total 13 7 1 1 0 - 26.0 33 25 16 18 19 6.58 2 5.54
Conference 2 0 1 0 0 - 2.2 3 1 - 3 2 6.75 - 0.00
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Home 4 3 0 0 0 - 8.0 5 2 2 4 9 10.13 - 2.25
Away 8 4 1 1 0 - 17.0 25 22 13 14 10 5.29 2 6.88
Neutral 1 0 0 0 0 - 1.0 3 1 1 - - .00 - 9.00
 
-
Wins 7 4 1 0 0 - 12.2 14 8 4 7 10 7.11 - 2.84
Losses 6 3 0 1 0 - 13.1 19 17 12 11 9 6.07 2 8.10
 
-
March 4 2 0 0 0 - 5.1 15 14 11 7 2 3.38 1 18.56
April 6 3 1 0 0 - 15.0 11 4 3 7 12 7.20 - 1.80
May 2 1 0 0 0 - 3.0 2 1 1 2 3 9.00 - 3.00
June 1 1 0 1 0 - 2.2 5 6 1 2 2 6.75 1 3.38
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 13 4 0 4 0 1.000 - 6 1 .143 - -
Conference 2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 4 1 0 1 0 1.000 - 2 1 .333 - -
Away 8 2 0 2 0 1.000 - 4 - - - -
Neutral 1 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
 
-
Wins 7 2 0 2 0 1.000 - 1 1 .500 - -
Losses 6 2 0 2 0 1.000 - 5 - - - -
 
-
March 4 1 0 1 0 1.000 - 1 - - - -
April 6 1 0 1 0 1.000 - 4 - - - -
May 2 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - 1 1.000 - -
June 1 1 0 1 0 1.000 - 1 - - - -